Guideline research and website protocol has been presented at the following spine research meetings:




Awarded Best Oral Paper at Spine Society of Australia

28th Annual Scientific Meeting

Hobart 2017




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Anderson G, Voets C, Ropiak R, et al. Analysis of patient variables affecting neurologic outcome after traumatic cervical facet dislocation. Spine J. 2004;4:506 – 12.

Battistuzzo CR, Armstrong A, Jillian C, et al. Early decompression following cervical spinal cord injury: Examining the process of care from accident scene to surgery. J Neurotrauma. 2016;33(12):1161 – 69.

Berrington NR, van Staden JF, Willers JG, et al. Cervical Intervertebral Disc Prolapse Associated with Traumatic Facet Dislocation. Surg Neuro. 1993;40:395 – 9.

Burgess K, Singhal R, Inglis G, et al. Observational study assessing neurological outcome following closed traction in 42 patients with cervical spine injury. New Zealand Spine Society Meeting; 2015.

Cotler JM, Herbison GJ, Nasuti JF, et al. Closed Reduciton of Traumatic Cervical Spine Dislocation Using Traction Weights Up to 140 Pounds. Spine. 1993;18(3):386 – 90.

Cruthfiled WG. Skeletal traction in treatment of injuries to the cervical spine. JAMA. 1954;155(1):29 – 32.

Darsaut TE, Ashforth R, Bhargava R, et al. A Pilot Study of Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Guided Closed Reduction of Cervical Spine Fractures. Spine. 2006;31(18):2085 – 90.

Derrett S, Beaver C, Sullivan MJ, et al. Traumatic and non-traumatic spinal cord impairment in New Zealand: incidence and characteristics of people admitted to spinal units. Inj Prev. 2012;18(5):343 – 6.

Dimar JR, Glassman SD, Raque GH, et al. The Influence of Spinal Canal Narrowing and Timing of Decompression on Neurological Recovery After Spinal Cord Contusion in a Rat Model. Spine. 1999;24(16):1623 – 33.

Eismont , Arena MJ, Green BA. Extrusion on an Intervertebral Disc Associated with Trauamatic Subluxaiton or Dislocation of Cervical Facets. J Bone Joint Surg. 1991;73-A(10):1555 – 60.

Eranki V, Koul K, Mendz G, Dillon D. Traumatic facet joint dislocation in Western Australia. Euro Spine J. 2016;25(4):1109 – 16.

Fehlings MG, Rabin D, Sear W, et al. Current Practice in the Timing of Surgical Intervention in Spinal Cord Injury. Spine. 2010;35(21S):S166 – S73.

Fehlings MG, Vacarro A, Wilson JR, et al. Early versus Delayed Decompression for Traumatic Cervical Spinal Cord Injury: Results of the Surgical Timing in Acute Spinal Cord Injury Study (STASCIS). PLoS ONE. 2012;7(2):e32037.

Gelb DE, Hadley MN, Aarabi B, et al. Initial Closed Reduction of Cervical Spinal Fracture-Dislocation Injuries. Neurosurg. 2013;72:73 – 83.

Grant GA, Mirza SK, Chapman JR, el al. Risk of early closed reduction in cervical spine subluxation injuries. J Neurosurg. 1999;90:13 – 8.

Howard-Brow C, Civil I. New Zealand Spinal Cord Registry: a new milestone. NZMJ. 2016;129(1438):6 – 7.

Howard-Brown C, Esplin J. Joint ACC and Health Spinal Cord Impairment Initiative and Implementation Plan: Situation Analysis Paper. Wellington: Ministry of Health and ACC, February 2013.

Koivikko MK, Mullynen P, Santavirta S. Fracture dilocaiton of the cervical spine: a review of 106 conservatively and operatively treated patients. Eur Spine J. 2004;13:610 – 6.

Lee BB, Cripps RA, Fitzharris RA, Wing PC. The global map for traumatic spinal cord injury epidemiology: update 2011, global incidence rate. Spinal Cord. 2014;52:110 – 6.

Mahale YJ, Silver JR, Henderson NJ. Neurological complications of the reduction of cervical spine dislocations. J Bone Joint Surg. 1992;75-B:403 – 9.

Newton D, England M, Doll H, Gardner BP. The case for early treatment of dislocations of the cervical spine with cord involvement sustained playing rugby. J Bone Joint Surg. 2011;93-B:1646 – 52.

Ng WP, Fehlings MG, Cuddy B, et al. Surgical treatment for acute spinal cord injury study pilot study #2: evaluation of protocol for decompression surgery within 8 hours of injury. Neurosurg Focus. 1999;6(1):E5

O’Connor PA, McCormack O, Noel J, et al. Anterior displacement correlates with neurological impairment in cervical facet dislocations. Int Orthop. 2003;27:190-3.

Papadopoulos SM, Selden NR, Quint DJ, et al. Immediate Spinal Cord Decompression for Cervical Spinal Cord Injury: Feasibility and Outcome. J Trauma. 2002;52:323 – 32.

Piccirilli M, Liberati C, Santoro G, Santoro A. Cervical Posttraumatic Unilateral Locked Facets: Clinical, Radiological, and Surgical Remarks on a Series of 33 Patients. Clin Spine Surg. 2016;29(6):261 – 5.

Rabb CH, Lopez J, Beauchamp K, et al. Unilateral Cervical Facet Fractures With Subluxation: Injury Patterns and Treatment. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2007;20(6):416 – 22.

Ramer LM, Ramer MS, Bradbury EJ. Restoring function after spinal cord injury: towards clinical translation of experimental stratergies. Lancet. 2014;13:1241 – 56.

Reindl R, Ouellet J, Harvey EJ, et al. Anterior Reduction for Cervical Spine Dislocaiton. Spine. 2006;31(6):648 – 52.

Rizzolo SJ, Vaccaro AR, Colter JM. Cervical Spine Trauma. Spine. 1994;19(20):2288 – 98.

Rogers WA. Skeletal Traction for Dislocation of Cervical Spine: Report of Case. South Surgeon. 1933;2(156).

Sribnick EA, Hoh DJ, Sanjay SS. Traumatic High-Grade Cervical Dislocation: Treatment Stratergies and Outcomes. World Neurosurg. 2014;82(6):1374 – 9.

Star AM, Jone A, Colter J, et al. Immediate closed reduction of cervical spine dislocation using traction. Spine. 1990;15(10):1068 – 72.

Tator CH FM. Review of the secondary injury theory of acute spinal cord trauma with emphasis on vascular mechanisms. J Neurosurg. 1991;75:15 – 26.

Utley W. The Guttmann philosophy. In Allan V, editor. A new way of living: the history of Spinal Injuries Unit in Christchurch. Christchurch: Canterbury District Health Board. 2004:12 – 14.

Vital J-M, Gille O, Senegas J, Pointillart V. Reduction Technique for Uni- and Biarticular Dislocations of the Lower Cervical Spine. Spine. 1998;23(8):949 – 55.

Walton GL. A new method of reducing dislocation of cervical vertebrae. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1893;18(9):609 – 611.

Xiong XH, Arnold T, Heuvel M, Anthony A. State of the Art of Spinal Cord Medicine in New Zealand. Crit Rev Phys Rehabil Med. 2014;26(1-2):99-111.

Yu JZ, Yue JJ, Wei F, Dang G. Treatment of cervical dislocation with locked facets. Chin Med J. 2007;120(3):216 – 8.